Knee Osteotomy Surgery
Knee Osteotomy is a surgical procedure in which the upper shinbone (tibia) or lower thighbone (femur) is cut and realigned. It is usually performed in arthritic conditions affecting only one side of your knee and the aim is to take load off the damaged area and shift it to the other parts of the knee with healthy cartilage.
Uni condylar Knee Replacement
This simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement. The knee joint is made up of 3 compartments, the patellofemoral and medial and lateral compartments between the femur and tibia (i.e. the long bones of the leg). Often, only one of these compartments wears out, more commonly, the medial compartment. If you have symptoms and X-ray findings suggestive of this pattern of disease, then you may be suitable for this procedure.
Find out more about Unicondylar Knee Replacement with the following links.
Patellofemoral Knee Replacement
Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surface or cartilage wears out. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain free movement in the joint. This surface can wear out for a number of reasons; often the definite cause is not known. If the kneecap (patellofemoral) joint alone is involved in the arthritic process, a replacement of that part only can be considered.
What’s new in knee replacement
For a patient considering knee replacement surgery, there are new developments under study which can help enhance their quality of life.
Total Knee Replacement (TKR)
A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is surgery that resurfaces the arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal and plastic replacement called the ‘prostheses’ or ‘implant’.
Find out more about Total Knee Replacement with the following links.
Partial Knee Replacement
Partial knee replacement simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement.
Revision Knee Replacement
This means that complete or a part of your previous knee replacement needs to be revised or ‘re-done’. This operation varies from a very minor adjustment to a massive operation replacing significant amount of bone and hence represents a spectrum of different operations.
Find out more about Revision Knee Replacement with the following links.